Paper 22-55

STEM КОНЦЕПЦИЯТА И НЕЙНОТО ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ В РАБОТАТА С ДЕЦА СЪС СОП В МАЛКИ ГРУПИ

Пламена Иванова Цветанова, Виолина Ценова Цолова
Детска градина „Европейчета“, Враца

THE STEM CONCEPT AND ITS APPLICATION IN WORKING WITH CHILDREN WITH SEN IN SMALL GROUPS

Plamena Ivanova Tzvetanova, Violina Cenova Colova
Kindergarden „Evropeicheta“, Vratsa

Abstract: Effective STEM education in early childhood, encouraging the development of interest, perseverance and competence in the area of STEM, is among the leading efforts needed to provide qualified professionals in these fields. Getting acquainted with STEM in the first years of primary education is vital so that children can develop an interest in STEM and eventually pursue a career in this area. The focus in building children’s STEM literacy is to understand how and when they apply knowledge and practices from different STEM disciplines. Applying knowledge enables children to develop an even deeper understanding of STEM concepts and processes and how they relate to each other. For pre-school children, this means that they can be introduced to the scientific method – a systematic and logical approach used to answer a question or solve a problem. By asking the right questions, we can help stimulate research in which children identify objects, make comparisons and predictions, test ideas and share discoveries, while observing their natural environment. In the process, children can also explore sizes, shapes, patterns and quantities. In this way, they can become acquainted with concepts from different disciplines in different contexts, all in a way that naturally engages them. Using strategies would help preschool teachers build a positive STEM identity in children.
Keywords: STEM , preschool children , competence.

(Endnotes)

  1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348500659_Klucovi_aspekti_na_STEM_v_etapa_na_rannoto _detsko_obrazovanie_i_vklucvaneto_na_roditelite_na_malki_deca_Rkovodstvo_za_detski_uciteli
  2. https://uchitel.bg/kakvo-trjabva-da-znaem-za-stem
READ FULL PAPER