Paper 22-18

НЯКОИ ИДЕИ ЗА УСПЕШНА РАБОТА НА УЧИТЕЛЯ ПРИ РЕШАВАНЕ НА ГРАФИЧНИ ЗАДАЧИ В ОБУЧЕНИЕТО ПО ФИЗИКА В СРЕДНОТО УЧИЛИЩЕ

Христина Георгиева Петрова1, Христина Томова Атанасова2
1 Пловдивски университет „Паисий Хилендарски“, Пловдив
2 СУ „Черноризец Храбър“, Пловдив

SOME IDEAS FOR TEACHER, S SUCCESSFUL WORK IN SOLVING GRAPHIC PROBLEMS IN PHYSICS EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

Hristina Georgieva Petrova1, Hristina Tomova Atanasova2
1 University of Plovdiv „Paisiy Hilendarski“, Plovdiv
2 Secondary school „Chernorizets Hrabar“, Plovdiv

Abstract. Graphic skills are defined as part of the necessary key competences that form „life skills“. They play an important role in learning as a tool of knowledge, as a factor in development of graphic culture of students and a positive motivation to learn. Our focus is on solving graphic problems as an effective didactic tool for the formation of graphic knowledge and graphic skills in students in Physics education. We emphasize the need to solve graphical problems based on experimental results. In this way, with concrete examples, students form the skill of constructing physics graphics. We offer a methodology for plotting based on experimental results. In order to successfully solve tasks for extracting information from the graphic, it is necessary for students to be trained in the activities they have to perform. In this regard we offer a methodology for extracting information from the constructed graphics. An important methodological technique that should be applied by the physics teacher when solving graphic problems is the variation of the graphics. We also offer a methodological approach, which includes composing graphic tasks by students. It plays an essential role in activating the mental activity of students, consolidating knowledge and applying it in practice.
Keywords: graphical problems, methodic, Physics education, secondary school

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