Paper 22-11

ПРОГРАМА ЗА ПРЕВЕНЦИЯ НА УПОТРЕБАТА НА ПСИХОАКТИВНИ ВЕЩЕСТВА В УЧИЛИЩНА СРЕДА „ИМАМ ЧОВЕК“

Емилия Николаева Донкова, Яна Стоянова Ганева
Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски“, София

PROGRAM FOR PREVENTION OF THE USE OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES IN A SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT „I HAVE A PERSON“

Emiliya Nikolaeva Donkova, Yana Stoyanova Ganeva
Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, Sofia

* Авторите изказват благодарност към проект №80-10-36/10.05.2022 „Социални и педагогически аспекти на проблема за употребата на психоактивни вещества“, финансиран целево от държавния бюджет на СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“ за научни изследвания за 2022 г.

Abstract: This article presents a variant of the program for prevention of the use of psychoactive substances among adolescents, applicable in the educational space at the junior high school level (grades 5-7). The aim of the program is to raise awareness of the growing scale of the problem – both among students and among their teachers and parents; as well as to provide a practically oriented conceptual concept for its prevention. At the heart of the development is the emphasis on communication at different levels (intellectually, emotionally, cognitively) within a social group. The draft program is based on the conceptual ideas of the mutual learning method in the original developed by the team of Andrew Bell and Joseph Lancaster and later developed in the modern method „peers teach peers“, I apply in a number. In addition, the content of the program includes the use of various discussion and interactive methods in working with individual actors involved in the process. The specific methods have been chosen in order to achieve more effective results, taking into account the specific characteristics of the target groups and the wide scale of the problem. The program consists of several separate modules, each of which covers the work at a different stage – teacher training, parent training, student training. The use of questionnaires provided to the participants after the end of each stage is set as a tool for evaluating the efficiency.
Keywords: prevention, psychoactive substances, school, students teaching students

References:

  1. Polihronov, D., Aspekti na upotrebata na psihoaktivni veshtestva v usloviyata na izvanredna pandemichna obstanovka, Prilozhnata kriminologiya v Balgariya, Sofiya, 2022, str. 144.
  2. Marinova, V., T. Manasieva, Programi za preventsiya po indikatsiya za detsa v risk ot razvivane na zavisimost kam psihoaktivni veshtestva, Sbornik ot yubileyna konferentsiya na FP kam YuZU „Neofit Rilski“, Blagoevgrad, 2010, стр. 358.

(Endnotes)

1. Evropeuski doklad za narkotitsite: Tendentsii i razvitiya, 2022, str. 4.
2. Narachnik. Vrastnitsi obuchavat vrastnitsi – obuchenie na obuchiteli, str. 12–15.
3. Narachnik. Vrastnitsi obuchavat vrastnitsi – obuchenie na obuchiteli, str. 11.

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